Cannabis Concentrates in Blue Poison Bottles

Cannabis in herbal form was known to be safe to use, but the concentrations that began to become available in the second half of the nineteenth century were respected for their power. These were almost always dispensed in containers marked as potentially poisonous. In 1872, the American Medical Association recommended the use of textured, colored glass containers for the storage and dispersion of potentially poisonous medicines. That same year, Whitall Tatum Glassworks of Millville, NJ introduced the textured surface cobalt blue poison bottle. Available in nine sizes, the surface has a pattern of diamond shaped projections around the bottle. The bottle was intended to "protect patients from danger of mistake both day and night, by the touch as well as sight." Whitall Tatum never patented the design. The bottle was widely imitated by competitors and became the most widely used poison bottle in the country. The four bottles in this image feature the Whitall Tatum & Co. stopper with cork shells. In 1884, a patent for the design of these cobalt blue stoppers with the word "poison" boldly embossed and "studded on all five faces with pyramidal projections" was filed by Whitall Tatum. These poison stoppers stayed popular well into the twentieth century. The hand-lettered labels are all the same pattern and scaled according to the bottle size. The gold leaf labels are applied directly to the bottle surface and feature red stripes on the top and the bottom, as well as hand-illustrated acanthus leaves in the corners. TR: Cannabis, Tincture Cannabis. A tincture is an extract made by soaking herbs in a liquid, most often in alcohol, for a specific amount of time; then the plant material is strained and discarded. The bottom is embossed with "H.B. CO.," the trademark of Hagerty Brothers. The 7" tincture bottle was made in a two-piece mold that dates to the very early twentieth century. The "prescription lip" is designed with a flared mouth and a thin lip for the precise dripping of the bottle’s contents. Elix: Cannab., Elixir Cannabis. An elixir is an aromatic or sweetened hydro-alcoholic solution with at least one active ingredient, in this case, Cannabis. The alcohol present plays several roles: to extract the active ingredient, to improve the taste, to slow down the sugar crystallization, and to preserve the solution. The bottom of this 4 1/2" tall two-piece molded bottle is embossed with "WTCO," which is a Whitall Tatum Company bottle first introduced in 1872. This particular version dates back to the early 1900s. FL: Ext: Cannab., Fluid Extract Cannabis. Fluid extract is a liquid preparation of a medicinal plant made through percolation by using alcohol as a solvent and a preservative. The classic extract is formulated so that each 1 ml of fluid contains the therapeutic constituent of one gram of the beneficial drug that it represents. This 3 3/4" bottle is embossed with "H.B. CO.," a smaller version of the tincture bottle above. SYR: Cannabis, Syrup of Cannabis. Syrup, another preparation of the medical ingredient, is an aqueous solution of sugar. Glycerin was often added to increase solubility and slow crystallization. The 5 1/2" syrup bottle has a thin neck intended to hold a somewhat loose fitting glass stopper to accommodate the buildup of sticky syrups. The base has a faint, unrecognizable, bottom emboss.

Image at left is available in any one of the product types listed below. Images are faithfully reproduced at high resolution without watermarks.


12 x 18 Chroma print

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The smooth satin finish recalls the porcelain signs of the early twentieth century. Light and durable, the fade resistant images should last for generations. They are an excellent choice for high traffic, public areas. Easy to maintain, they can be wiped clean with a damp cloth and a hidden back support and attached wire, make hanging simple. With no need for mats or glazing, the sturdy metal seems to float an inch off the wall. These aluminum prints are available in 12” x 18” and 20” x 30” inch formats.

Unit Price: $137.50

20 x 30 Chroma print

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The smooth satin finish recalls the porcelain signs of the early twentieth century. Light and durable, the fade resistant images should last for generations. They are an excellent choice for high traffic, public areas. Easy to maintain, they can be wiped clean with a damp cloth and a hidden back support and attached wire, make hanging simple. With no need for mats or glazing, the sturdy metal seems to float an inch off the wall. These aluminum prints are available in 12” x 18” and 20” x 30” inch formats.

Unit Price: $279.50

12 x 18 Fine Art Print Only

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Our fine art digital prints are produced to museum quality specifications. All printing is done on Hahnemuhle Photo Rag cotton fiber paper.

Unit Price: $49.50

Framed Print - 12 x 18 image in a 16 x 22 maple finish frame

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Our hand finished picture frames are available in two natural hardwoods, ½” wide and 1 ⅜” tall. The frames are certified as sustainable by the Forest Stewardship Council. FSC certification ensures that wood products come from well managed and harvested forests that provide lasting environmental, social and economic benefits. The American natural maple contemporary profile has minimal but durable finish that allows the wood's natural beauty to show through.

Unit Price: $219.50

Framed Print - 12 x 18 image in a 16 x 22 dark brown finish frame

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Our hand finished picture frames are available in two natural hardwoods, ½” wide and 1 ⅜” tall. The frames are certified as sustainable by the Forest Stewardship Council. FSC certification ensures that wood products come from well managed and harvested forests that provide lasting environmental, social and economic benefits. A richly finished burnt brown hardwood moulding that marries old world charm with modern elegance. The moulding finish is inspired by the medieval town of Cognac in France and is the definition of refinement and design complementing any environment.

Unit Price: $219.50

12 x 18 Art Block - Natural

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Art Blocks are produced from the same high resolution image as our other prints, but mounted to a durable substrate. The optically clear surface lamination means no glass or acrylic to be concerned with. The FSC oak picture frame holds the image two inches off the wall for a dramatic presentation. The small (8” x 12”) or large (12” x 18”) images are excellent for group assemblies, and are favorites for museum visitors. The Art Block offers an affordable modern look with a choice of two sizes.

Unit Price: $105.50

8 x 12 Art Block - Natural

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Art Blocks are produced from the same high resolution image as our other prints, but mounted to a durable substrate. The optically clear surface lamination means no glass or acrylic to be concerned with. The FSC oak picture frame holds the image two inches off the wall for a dramatic presentation. The small (8” x 12”) or large (12”x16”) images are excellent for group assemblies, and are favorites for museum visitors. The Art Block offers an affordable modern look with a choice of two sizes.

Unit Price: $85.50